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K Type Thermocouple

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Nickel chromium and nickel chromium iron composite is the most broadly utilized high obstruction compounds for electrical warming, the amalgam has higher resistivity, great oxidation opposition and wear obstruction, great mechanical properties and welding execution, under high temperature and high strength. The amalgam is reasonable for metallurgy, synthetic industry, apparatus, glass, ceramics and family electrical machines and other mechanical areas, like the creation of warming components, different sorts of engine voltage controller and brake resistor.

Synthetic composition(Standard: GB/T1234-1995)

Type K (chromel/alumel)

The most common general purpose thermocouple with a sensitivity of approximately 41 µV/°C, chromel positive relative to alumel.

Thermocouple Type Temperature Range (Continuous)* Temperature Range (Short Term)* Thermocouple Materials Contact Size Termination
K +32° to +2,012°F (0° to +1,100°C) -292° to +2,372°F (-180° to +1,300°C) Chromel & Alumel #16, #20, #22D Crimp
E +32° to +1,472°F (0° to +800°C -40° to +1,652°F (-40° to +900°C) Chromel & Constantan #16, #20, #22D Crimp
J +32° to +1,382°F (0° to +750°C) -292° to +1,472°F (-180° to +800°C) Iron & Constantan #16, #20, #22D Crimp
T -301° to +572°F (-185° to +300°C) -418° to +752°F (-250° to +400°C) Copper & Constantan #22D Crimp
Type K Accuracy (whichever is greater):
  • Standard: +/- 2.2C or +/- .75%
  • Special Limits of Error: +/- 1.1C or 0.4%

The most widely recognized universally useful thermocouple with an affectability of around 41 µV/°C, chromel positive comparative with alumel.

Type K Thermocouple gives amplest working temperature range. It comprise of positive leg which is non-attractive and negative leg which is magnetic.In K Type Thermocouple customary base metal is utilized because of which it can work at high temperature and can give largest working temperature range. One of the constituent metal in K Type Thermocouple is Nickel, which is attractive in nature.

The characteristic shown by K Type Thermocouple is that they undergo a deviation in output when magnetic material reaches its Curie Point, at around 185 °C. K Type thermocouple work very well in oxidizing atmosphere at temperatures up to 1260°C (2300°F) and its tolerance class is ± 1.5 K between -40 and 375 °C.

For what reason To lean toward K Type Thermocouple

One of the significant benefit of K kind thermocouple over other thermocouple's is it can work in rough ecological condition and in different environments

It has incorporated organization of Chromel and Alumel wires has a scope of - 270 °C to 1260°C and a yield of - 6.4 to 9 mV over most extreme temperature range.

Otherwise called broadly useful thermocouple because of its wide scope of temperature

Type K has a more drawn out life than Type J as in Type J Fe (iron) wire oxidizes quickly, particularly at higher temperature

They are cheap.
Have a quick reaction
Little in size and are dependable.
By and large utilized at temperatures over 540 degrees C

Creation of K Type Thermocouple

In K Type Thermocouple positive leg is made out of 90% nickel, 10%chromium and a negative leg is made out of 95% nickel, 2% aluminum, 2% manganese and 1% silicon. These are the most well-known broadly useful thermocouple with an affectability of approx 41µV/°C.

Type K Insulation Material

In Type K Thermocouple mainly two type of insulation is used firstly Ceramic beads insulation is used as it is a lightweight insulating product. It is made from high purity alumino-silicate materials. It has low thermal mass which means that it does not retain heat, low thermal conductivity and is an extremely effective insulation material as it can withstand high temperature of 1260 °C so it it best suited material for Type K thermocouple.

Secondly compacted mineral insulation and outer metal sheath (MgO) is used. Magnesium Oxide has a high dielectric strength, responds quickly to temperature changes and is very durable. It has typical Composition of the Standard Quality MgO (97%) and the High Purity MgO and AI2O3.

Magnesium Oxide insulation is recommended for K Type thermocouple when Thermocouple are to be immersed in liquids, high moisture, corrosive gases or high pressures. The thermocouple can be formed to reach otherwise inaccessible areas.


Grounded Thermocouple

grounded thermocouple intersection

This is the most widely recognized intersection style. A thermocouple is grounded when both thermocouple wires and the sheath are completely welded together to shape one intersection at the test tip. Grounded thermocouples have an excellent reaction time in light of the fact that the thermocouple is connecting with the sheath, permitting warmth to move without any problem. A downside of the grounded thermocouple is that the thermocouple is more defenseless to electrical obstruction. This is on the grounds that the sheath regularly comes into contact with the encompassing region, giving a way to obstruction.

Ungrounded Thermocouple
ungrounded thermocouple junction

A thermocouple is ungrounded when the thermocouple wires are welded together but they are insulated from the sheath. The wires are often separated by mineral insulation

exposed Thermocouples (or "exposed wire thermocouples")

exposed thermocouple intersection

thermocouple is uncovered when the thermocouple wires are welded together and straightforwardly embedded into the interaction. The reaction time is fast, however uncovered thermocouple wires are more inclined to consumption and debasement. Except if your application requires

Auncovered intersections, this style isn't suggested.


Thermocouples are regularly utilized at high temperatures and in responsive heater climates. For this situation, the pragmatic lifetime is restricted by thermocouple maturing. The thermoelectric coefficients of the wires in a thermocouple that is utilized to quantify high temperatures may change with time, and the estimation voltage appropriately drops. The straightforward connection between the temperature distinction of the intersections and the estimation voltage is possibly right if each wire is homogeneous (uniform in sythesis). As thermocouples age in a cycle, their conveyors can lose homogeneity because of compound and metallurgical changes brought about by outrageous or delayed openness to high temperatures. In the event that the matured part of the thermocouple circuit is presented to a temperature slope, the deliberate voltage will vary, bringing about mistake.

Matured thermocouples are just mostly altered; for instance, being unaffected in the parts outside the heater. Therefore, matured thermocouples can't be removed from their introduced area and recalibrated in a shower or test heater to decide mistake. This likewise clarifies why blunder can at times be seen when a matured thermocouple is pulled mostly out of a heater—as the sensor is pulled back, matured areas may see openness to expanded temperature inclinations from hot to cold as the matured segment currently goes through the cooler obstinate region, contributing huge mistake to the estimation. In like manner, a matured thermocouple that is pushed further into the heater may at times give a more exact perusing if being driven further into the heater makes the temperature angle happen just in a new section.